The Ecuadorian government decreed the implementation of price controls on 46 food products - including assorted fruits and vegetables, meat, milk and eggs - to combat "speculation," it was announced Monday, a measure that was rejected by the country's main business federation.
The decree was signed by President Rafael Correa last Friday, but was only made public on Monday.
Once the new regulation enters into force by being published in the Official Registry, officials of various ministries will have to establish reference prices to guarantee "fair access to indispensable foods" and to "control speculation," the document states.
A law approved in 2011 gives the government authority to establish "exceptional and temporary" pricing policies for the benefit "of popular consumption," according to the decree, which does not say how long the controls will be in effect.
The president of the Federation of Chambers of Commerce of Ecuador, Blasco Peñaherrera, said that the measure will be "damaging" for the economy, given that price controls "exaggerate the informal (economy) and create black markets."
Peñaherrera told Efe that the results of such policies have been seen in Cuba and Venezuela, where price controls have caused shortages, given that no producer will sell at prices below the cost of production.
He also said that Ecuador's military regimes during the 1970s also set price caps with what he called "disastrous" consequences for the economy.
During 2012, inflation in Ecuador was measured at 4.16 percent, propelled by the increase in food and non-alcoholic beverage prices. Energy prices, which are subsidized, are frozen in the South American country.
The country uses the U.S. dollar as its currency, which limits monetary expansion and, therefore, inflation, which is far below the high levels of Venezuela or Argentina. EFE