A new report prepared by the Federal University of Pernambuco and Environment Ministry is stating coral reefs of northeastern Brazil have been reduced by 80 percent over the past 50 years due to abusive extraction and pollution from urban and industrial resources.

“Until the 1980s, there was much extraction to make lime in the country,” said Professor Beatrice Padovani to Efe, who collected data since 2002 with the group.  Efe is reporting the studies have discovered extractive activities, pollution, excessive fishing, and rising waters have led to an 80 percent decline in coral reefs.

Researchers also believe rising ocean temperatures due to climate change and frequent weather phenomena, such as “El Niño,” have also impacted reefs.

“In 2012, it is likely that there will be a new ‘El Niño,’” explained Padovani. “The reefs that will suffer most are the ones in the worst environmental condition.”

The report will be presented at an environmental conference on Monday. (Efe)

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