Even though Luis Damian came to the U.S. from Cuba nearly a decade ago and has never returned or sent money to his relatives on the island, he doesn't understand why Cuban-American politicians from South Florida want to roll back privileges to visit and send money to family there.
"Look, I'm going to be frank. The situation is really screwed there," the Miami chef said. "The only ones who are going to be hurt are the Cuban people."
Since taking office, President Barack Obama has allowed Cuban-Americans to visit extended family on the island as many times as they want and send unlimited remittances to relatives there. But Cuban-Americans such as Damian were concerned about an amendment to the $1 trillion-plus omnibus spending package that would have returned U.S. regulations to the George W. Bush era, when Cuban-Americans could travel to Cuba only once every three years and send only $1,200 to immediate relatives on the island annually.
However, a deal on a $1 trillion spending bill was reached Thursday night after Republicans agreed to drop the language dealing with Cuba.
U.S. Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart, a Cuban-American, sponsored the amendment, which the House Appropriations Committee unanimously approved this year. The Florida Republican argued that the 30 percent cut that the Cuban government takes from remittances has been propping up a dictatorship, adding billions of dollars to its coffers. He also maintained people have been abusing the spirit of the regulations by making repeated trips to sell items to Cubans that are otherwise difficult to obtain on the island.
I think the politicians don't understand because they don't have relatives on the island. They've made their life here. Most of their family is here.
- Luis Damian
"This is not a humanitarian issue," Diaz-Balart has told The Associated Press. "People who go there 10 or 15 times a year. It's become a business, and a very lucrative business for the Castro regime."
Damian wasn't convinced.
"The government and the officials, they always have money. They will be fine," he said. "I think the politicians don't understand because they don't have relatives on the island. They've made their life here. Most of their family is here."
Older Cuban-Americans who came shortly after the revolution and have few connections to the island tend to support limited travel and remittances. They also wield significant influence in the swing state of Florida. Although increasingly in the minority, they are far more likely to vote and contribute to political campaigns than the growing number of Cubans who have come to the U.S. in the last 20 years and who generally want to help relatives on the island any way they can.
Tomas Bilbao, executive director of the Cuba Study Group, a group founded by Cuban-American business leaders supporting greater exchange with the island, called it ironic that Cuban-American lawmakers want to reverse the law now. He noted that since Obama loosened travel restrictions to the island, the Castro government has begun to allow private enterprise and for the first time permitted Cubans on the island to buy and sell cars and houses.
But Mauricio Claver-Carone, director of the US Cuba Democracy Advocates in Washington, who favors tighter restrictions, argued the Castro government should not be rewarded for limited economic changes "at a time when (political) repression in Cuba has also more than doubled."
He also cited the more than two years that have passed since American development worker Alan Gross was detained for providing internet technology to the island's Jewish community.
Phil Peters, a Cuba expert at the Virginia-based Lexington Institute, doesn't dispute the human rights violations. He said travel restrictions aren't the answer.
"Obama should continue to stand up for human rights in Cuba. At the same time, I think we should have policies that help the average Cuban live a better life. There's no contradiction," he said.
"Before, the remittances used to be money to help your aunt buy cooking oil and clothing. Now you can send your aunt money to buy the equipment to start a business, or you can send your aunt money to buy a home, because opportunities are opening up. It would be crazy to back away."
Based on reporting by the Associated Press.