Pope Benedict XVI has accepted Cardinal Juan Sandoval Iñiguez's resignation as archbishop of Guadalajara and named Jose Francisco Robles Ortega, who was serving as archbishop of Monterrey, as his replacement in the western Mexican city, the Vatican said Wednesday.

The 78-year-old Sandoval Iñiguez submitted his resignation after reaching retirement age, which is 75 in the Catholic Church.

Cardinal Robles Ortega was born in Mascota, a city in the western state of Jalisco, in 1949.

He attended the seminary in Autlan, studied philosophy at the seminary in Guadalajara, the capital of Jalisco, and studied theology at the seminary in Zamara.

Robles Ortega was ordained in 1976, joined the diocese of Autlan and later earned a degree in dogmatic theology from the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome.

He was named bishop of Bossa in 1991 and auxiliary bishop of Toluca, and he became prelate of Toluca in 1996.

Robles Ortega was named archbishop of Monterrey, the capital of the northern state of Nuevo Leon and Mexico's most important industrial city, by Pope John Paul II in 2003.

Pope Benedict XVI named Robles Ortega a cardinal on Nov. 24, 2007.

Robles Ortega has been a member of the Commission for Latin America since 2008 and is president of the Mexican Conference of Bishops' committee for inter-religious dialogue.

Pope Benedict XVI named Robles Ortega to the Pontifical Council for Promoting the New Evangelization on Jan. 5.