Mexico City – The National Autonomous University of Mexico, or UNAM, Latin America's largest university, is calling in a new report for a broad political and social pact to deal with the violence plaguing Mexico.
The 36-point report, "Elementos para la construccion de una politica de Estado para la seguridad y la justicia en democracia" (Elements for the Creation of a State Policy for Security and Justice with Democracy), was prepared by 88 experts who met in June at the UNAM.
The report calls for, among other measures, "crafting a broad political and social pact that reorients security and justice institutions to deal with the crisis of violence," the university said in a statement.
Mexico is dealing with a wave of drug-related violence that has claimed more than 40,000 lives in about five years.
President Felipe Calderon's security strategy has been criticized by different sectors of society, with opponents calling for a change to end the daily bloodshed.
Congress, meanwhile, is looking at legislation that would define the army's role in fighting crime.
It is essential to "create political and social consensus to make an immediate change in the security strategies, focusing them on preventing crime, doing away with impunity, (and) reducing the number of deaths and people wounded," the UNAM report said.
Employment policies must be redesigned to emphasize the school-work link and promote job stability and worker training, the report said.
Fighting drug use and impunity in the commission of crimes are two other issues addressed by the report.
Mexico must develop a social policy that helps "the consumers of addictive substances to admit they have a problem and seek treatment," the UNAM report said.
"There must be accountability by bringing citizens into the National Public Safety Council and the Civilian Police Oversight Board" to deal with the problem of impunity, the report said.
"A national victims' registry (should be created) and the crime of money laundering must be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law," the report said.
History will judge the university as "disloyal and mistaken" if it avoids dealing with the situation in Mexico, UNAM president Jose Narro Robles said in a statement.
"We cannot and should not remain removed from the situation of crime and injustice that threatens our people," the UNAM president said.
"All the actors" in Mexico must work together to defeat "crime, criminality and injustice," Narro Robles said.
"It is impossible to act as if nothing is happening, to cover ourselves with a blanket of deafness and blindness, to pass from reserved to silent, and so appear voiceless or even mute," the UNAM president said.
Fighting poverty is the key to dealing with the problem of violence, Judicial Research Institute researcher emeritus and Ibero-American Constitutional Law Institute president Jorge Carpizo said.
"If we want security and justice in a democracy, we must deal with the poverty in which half of Mexicans live," Carpizo said.
Mexicans must set aside selfishness and eliminate false political, religious and social prestige, Carpizo said.