One out of every 14 deaths in Mexico is caused by diabetes, and the illness is the principal cause of mortality among Mexicans between the ages of 45 and 64, the chancellor of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, or UNAM, said Friday.
Enrique Graue Wiechers said the incidence of diabetes varies between 10 percent and 15 percent of the adult population, slightly more than twice the average in countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Prevalence of the illness is now 15 times higher than it was in the mid-20th century, the chancellor said during the presentation of the Spanish-language version of the Web site www.type2diabetesgenetics.org, which will be a key contributor to the investigation, treatment and prevention of the ailment.
Users will find on the site 28 wide-ranging studies that include the sequencing of multiethnic exomes with a total of 96,854 samples. "All the results have been coordinated so that users can obtain simultaneous information from the databases of any gene, genetic variation or area of interest," Graue said.
The Web site, he said, is structured as part of a consortium made up of the U.S. National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), five pharmaceutical companies and three non-profits.
It also includes the Slim Initiative for Genomic Medicine in the Americas, which supports its scientific and economic aspects.
According to Graue, the incidence of overweight and obesity in Mexico increased 62 percent between 2000 and 2012, so that 71 percent of the adult population suffers from that condition, while one child out of every three is obese.
This is also an economic catastrophe, since the costs attributed to that condition in 2000 were 42 billion pesos ($2.29 billion), the equivalent of 13 percent of total healthcare costs, and it continues to increase, Graue said. EFE